- Evaluating the leather: sorting and distribution
- Punching out the pieces: uppers, lining, cushioning, reinforcements, etc.
- Setup: preparation of all of the individual pieces including stamping, shaving and bevelling (scarfing) to thin the edges and to equalise the strength of all parts, applying colour touch-ups to the cut faces, pressing flat and fusing together the leather pieces and reinforcements.
- Sewing: stitching together the pieces
- Cementing: gluing in the cushioning pieces
- Riveting: fastening the metal parts such as hooks, eyelets and lace loops
- Quality control of the uppers and visual inspection (i.e., the boot without the last and before the insole, outsole or midsole are attached)
- Preparing uppers, prior to lasting. Pre-treating the upper.
- Attaching the insole to the last
- Pulling (shaping) the upper over the last: The upper is drawn snugly and shaped over the last, and then the edges of the upper are cemented to the insole.
- Shaping and securing the heel area: The rear part of the upper is cemented or tacked to the insole
- Roughing out the upper to attach the rand
- Wrapping and cementing on the rubber rand
- Roughing out the rand and cementing on the sole unit
- Removing the boot from the last
- Finishing and additional quality control
- Spraying on the finishing treatment
- Threading the laces
- Inserting the footbed
- Attaching the label
- Packing and shipping
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